Hard rock music originates from rock and roll, garage and psychedelic rock of early 60s. It
is characterized by blues-like guitar riffs, loud, heavy drums, vigorous vocals, and driving
melodies. The genre that influenced hard rock music the most was blues, mainly British blues. In
60s rock bands from UK, like The Beatles, The Rolling Stones, The Who, and The Kinks developed
new style, adding harder sounds to rock and roll, creating the basis of hard rock. The earliest hard
rock melodies are present in such songs as You Really Got Me by Kinks, I Can See for Miles by The
Who, and Helter Skelter by The Beatles.
In late 60s, hard rock bands like Led Zeppelin and Black Sabbath established and brought
hard rock genre to the bigger scene. At the same time Deep Purple appeared before the footlights
with albums The Book of Taliesyn (1968), Shades of Deep Purple (1968), and Deep Purple (1969).
These three bands are considered as the first representatives of hard rock genre.
In 70s, hard rock engrained and began to develop sub-genres. In 72 nd , Alice Cooper released
his School’s Out, and in the following year bands like Queen, Aerosmith, and Lynyrd Skynyrd made
their debut albums, showing new directions in this genre. In the late 70s, AC/DC released Highway
to Hell, giving birth to heavy metal movement.
In 1980, John Bonham, a Led Zeppelin drummer, as well as Bon Scott, an AC/DC vocalist,
passed away. From that moment, the classic hard rock era ended. In the next year, Mötley Crüe
released their Too Fast For Love, which established glam metal, a rising genre of hard rock. Later,
bands like KISS, W.A.S.P. and Ratt joined the glam metal scene.